"This paper identifies the main causes and gauges the extent of youth unemployment in the Maghreb, critically assesses interventions that have been made to address the problem and proposes options for policy makers. It focuses on youth (defined as individuals aged 15 to 24) in Algeria, Morocco and Tunisia. The paper is structured as follows. Section 1 explores the main causes and consequences of youth unemployment, including some of the key constraints to decent job creation, in the region. Section 2 critically reviews the major public and non-public active labour market programmes targeting youth unemployment. Section 3 highlights examples of good practices from other regions and assesses their relevance for tackling youth unemployment in the Maghreb context. The final section provides a summary of the main findings and offers specific recommendations."