air pollutants, atmospheric pollutants

German: Luftschadstoffe , English: air pollutants, atmospheric pollutants
Topic:

air pollution in metropolitan areas

German: Luftbelastung in Ballungsräumen , English: air pollution in metropolitan areas
Topic:

animal testing

German: Tierversuche , English: animal testing
Topic:
English - Explanation:

Animal testing is a form of scientific research using live animals. The aim is to engage in basic research and develop and trial new medical treatments. Animal testing is done in universities, research institutions, pharmaceuticals companies and by service providers. Most of the animals are bred specifically for research; only very few are caught in the wild. Many of them die during the experiments or are euthanised afterwards. There are proven benefits to animal testing, although ethically speaking, they are controversial.

antibiotic resistance, resistance to antibiotics

German: Antibiotikaresistenz , English: antibiotic resistance, resistance to antibiotics
Topic:

bee mortality

German: Bienensterben , English: bee mortality
Topic:
English - Explanation:

The term "bee mortality" is used in the public debate and the media to illustrate the rapid decline in the number and density of western honey bee colonies. The reason behind the decline is human intervention in the shape of globalised, industrial-technical forms of land use (monocultures, pesticides, transportation etc.). The resulting absence of bee pollination will have disastrous consequences for food production.

biodiversity

German: Biodiversität , English: biodiversity
Topic:
English - Explanation:

Biodiversity typically measures variation at the genetic, the species, and the ecosystem level. Source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Biodiversity

biodiversity hotspot

German: Hotspot der Biodiversität , English: biodiversity hotspot
Topic:
English - Explanation:

Biodiversity hotspots are regions with significant levels of species and ecological diversity that are particularly threatened by destruction.

biofuel

German: Biokraftstoff , English: biofuel
Topic:
English - Explanation:

Biofuel can be generated from vegetable oil, cereals, wood and other regenerative raw materials. It is an alternative to fossil fuel (e.g., generated from mineral oil).

biosphere reserve

German: Biosphärenreservat , English: biosphere reserve
Topic:
English - Explanation:

Biosphere reserves are UNESCO-initiated model regions that promote exemplary sustainable development in ecological, economic and social terms.

Blaues Band scheme

German: Blaues Band , English: Blaues Band scheme
Topic:
English - Explanation:

On 1 February 2017 the Federal Government's Cabinet adopted a federal scheme known as "Blaues Band" (Blue Ribbon). Under the scheme, the Federal Government plans to step up its investment in the renaturation of Federal waterways as well as in nature and water conservation, flood protection, water tourism, recreational sports and leisure.

BUNDjugend

German: BUNDjugend , English: BUNDjugend
Topic:
English - Explanation:

BUNDjugend is the independent youth chapter of Friends of the Earth Germany (BUND) and currently has around 61,000 members. Itself a member of the international network Young Friends of the Earth, it brings together young people from around the world.

carbon-neutral

German: klimaneutral , English: carbon-neutral
Topic:
English - Explanation:

Fuel usage or human activity (e.g., a flight or an event) is considered carbon-neutral if it has no influence on the concentration of CO2 in the atmosphere and hence does not impact negatively on the climate.

change in energy policy, energy revolution, "Energiewende"

German: Energiewende , English: change in energy policy, energy revolution, "Energiewende"
Topic:

charging stations

German: E-Zapfsäule , English: charging stations
Topic:
English - Explanation:

Also known as EV (electric vehicle) charging stations, recharging points, charge points.

climate justice

German: Klimagerechtigkeit , English: climate justice
Topic:
English - Explanation:

Climate justice is a normative political concept that forms part of the principle of environmental justice. Climate justice aims, inter alia, not just to bring about a sharp reduction in greenhouse gas emissions, which contribute towards global warming, but also to redistribute said emissions fairly among all inhabitants of the planet. In addition, climage justice seeks to balance out the consequences of climate change in accordance with the "polluter pays" principle. The assumption is that those population groups who contribute least to climate change are those who suffer most from its consequences.

climate protection goals, climate protection targets

German: Klimaschutzziele , English: climate protection goals, climate protection targets
Topic:

climate-damaging, harmful to the climate

German: klimaschädlich , English: climate-damaging, harmful to the climate
Topic:

CO2 (carbon dioxide) concentration

German: CO2-Belastung , English: CO2 (carbon dioxide) concentration
Topic:
English - Explanation:

Concentration of a range of gases in the Earth's atmosphere, in particular CO2 (carbon dioxide), that generate a greenhouse effect.

coal phase-out, fossil fuel phase-out

German: Kohleausstieg , English: coal phase-out, fossil fuel phase-out
Topic:
English - Explanation:

Coal phase-out refers to the attempt to eliminate the use of coal (notably lignite and black coal) in producing energy, especially when converted to electricity in coal-fired power plans. Coal would still be used for certain other purposes, such as iron and steel production (where coal is used as a reducing agent) and in the chemical industry, but at much lower levels.

coal-fired power plant, coal-fired power station

German: Kohlekraftwerk , English: coal-fired power plant, coal-fired power station
Topic:

desertification

German: Wüstenbildung , English: desertification
Topic:
English - Explanation:

Progressive desertification refers to the degradation of the soil in comparatively arid regions that is triggered by various factors including climate change and human activity. This encourages the development or spread of deserts or desert-like areas.

diesel ban, ban on diesel vehicles

German: Dieselfahrverbot , English: diesel ban, ban on diesel vehicles
Topic:
English - Explanation:

Ban on the use of diesel-powered motor vehicles on certain roads or parts of town in an attempt to curb air pollution.

e-mobility

German: E-Mobilität , English: e-mobility
Topic:
English - Explanation:

also known as electric mobility

eco-friendly, ecologically sound

German: naturverträglich , English: eco-friendly, ecologically sound
Topic:

eco-sufficiency

German: Suffizienzpolitik , English: eco-sufficiency
Topic:
English - Explanation:

In the context of sustainability research and environmal policy, eco-sufficiency refers to cutting raw material and energy consumption to a minimum.

ecological footprint

German: Ökologischer Fußabdruck , English: ecological footprint
Topic:
English - Explanation:

The ecological footprint measures the quantity of nature it takes to sustain an individual's lifestyle or standard of living, given today's production processes. It is used as an indicator of sustainability. The measure includes the area needed to produce clothing, food and energy, as well as also to dispose of waste and absorb the carbon dioxide released by human activity.

Education for Sustainable Development (ESD)

German: Bildung für nachhaltige Entwicklung (BNE) , English: Education for Sustainable Development (ESD)
Topic:

emissions trading, cap and trade

German: Handel mit Emissionsrechten , English: emissions trading, cap and trade
Topic:

environmental awareness, ecological awareness

German: ökologisches Bewusstsein , English: environmental awareness, ecological awareness
Topic:

environmental pollution, pollution, contamination

German: Umweltverschmutzung , English: environmental pollution, pollution, contamination
Topic:

fasting from plastic, no-plastic days

German: Plastikfasten , English: fasting from plastic, no-plastic days
Topic:
English - Explanation:

Fasting from plastic means avoiding the use of plastic in everyday life.

Friends of the Earth Germany (BUND)

German: Bund für Umwelt und Naturschutz Deutschland e.V. (BUND) , English: Friends of the Earth Germany (BUND)
Topic:

genetically modified crop, GM crop

German: gentechnisch veränderte Nutzpflanze , English: genetically modified crop, GM crop
Topic:

German Young Naturefriends

German: Naturfreundejugend Deutschlands , English: German Young Naturefriends
Topic:
English - Explanation:

German Young Naturefriends is the independent youth chapter of the German organisation NaturFreunde and has 16 state and several local sub-groups. Many of its events take place in the 400 German "Naturfreundehäuser", or houses.

Green Belt

German: Grünes Band , English: Green Belt
Topic:
English - Explanation:

Germany's Green Belt ("Grünes Band") is an environmental project to maintain the valuable biotopes that developed along Germany's former internal border during the country's division.

green energy, green power, green electricity

German: Ökostrom , English: green energy, green power, green electricity
Topic:

greenhouse gas emissions, GHG emissions

German: Klimagas-Ausstoß , English: greenhouse gas emissions, GHG emissions
Topic:

health hazard, danger to health

German: Gesundheitsgefährdung , English: health hazard, danger to health
Topic:

illegal waste dump, illegal waste tip, illegal dumping ground

German: illegale Müllkippe , English: illegal waste dump, illegal waste tip, illegal dumping ground
Topic:

industrial cattle production, industrial livestock farming

German: Massenviehzucht , English: industrial cattle production, industrial livestock farming
Topic:

integrated solid waste management (ISWM)

German: ISWM-Modell , English: integrated solid waste management (ISWM)
Topic:
English - Explanation:

ISWM is an approach that considers how to develop and manufacture products in such a way that the processes involved in sorting, transporting and managing waste can be made more efficient so as to become part of the circular economy.

intergenerational equity, intergenerational justice

German: Intergenerationelle Gerechtigkeit , English: intergenerational equity, intergenerational justice
Topic:
English - Explanation:

Intergenerational equity refers to the idea of justice between present and future generations. It is a central ethical principle behind the idea of sustainable development.

interim storage facility for nuclear waste

German: Atommüll-Zwischenlager , English: interim storage facility for nuclear waste
Topic:

intragenerational equity, intragenerational justice

German: Intragenerationelle Gerechtigkeit , English: intragenerational equity, intragenerational justice
Topic:
English - Explanation:

Intragenerational equity is concerned with equity between people of the same generation, i.e., in particular between those living in industrialised and those in developing countries. It is a central ethical principle behind the idea of sustainable development.

Kyoto Protocol

German: Kyoto-Protokoll , English: Kyoto Protocol
Topic:
English - Explanation:

The Kyoto Protocol is considered a milestone in international climate policy. It was adopted at the third Conference of Parties to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP 3) in Kyoto in 1997 and was the first treaty containing legally binding targets for emissions control and reduction for industrialised countries. The Protocol was ratified by 191 states, including all EU Member States and major emerging economies such as Brazil, China, India and South Africa.

marine pollution, maritime pollution

German: Meeresverschmutzung , English: marine pollution, maritime pollution
Topic:

nano technology, nanotechnology

German: Nanotechnologie , English: nano technology, nanotechnology
Topic:
English - Explanation:

Nanotechnological research has brought forth what are known as nanoparticles, which are commonly found in many areas, e.g., food, packaging, textiles, fertiliser, car parts and cosmetics. Nanoparticles can be washed out of consumer products in various ways and hence either directly or indirectly enter the environment. For instance, they may enter rivers, lakes and groundwater resources through wastewater. If products containing nanoparticles are disposed of, they can enter the environment via landfill or incineration.

Nature And Biodiversity Conservation Union (NABU)

German: NABU – Naturschutzbund Deutschland e.V. , English: Nature And Biodiversity Conservation Union (NABU)
Topic:
English - Explanation:

NABU (Nature And Biodiversity Conservation Union) is a German non-governmental associations that is committed to nature conservation in Germany and beyond, e.g. the protection of rivers, seas, forests and individual species. NABU runs conservation projects, operates its own research institutions, educates the public on educational issues and disseminates information to mass media about major environmental and nature conservation issues. NABU is recognised by the government as an environmental and conservation association (as defined by the Federal Nature Conservation Act) and must hence be consulted prior to an intervention in nature. NABU's youth chapter is known as NAJU (Naturschutzjugend). 

nature conservation, nature protection

German: Naturschutz , English: nature conservation, nature protection
Topic:

non-renewable raw materials

German: nicht erneuerbare Rohstoffe , English: non-renewable raw materials
Topic:
English - Explanation:

The term refers to mineral, inorganic resources whose availability is finite, meaning that having been mined and consumed, they are not naturally renewable. Such resources include metals, oil and coal.

nuclear energy

German: Atomstrom , English: nuclear energy
Topic:
English - Explanation:

The term "nuclear energy" refers to power that is generated in nuclear power plants.

organic farming, organic agriculture

German: Ökologische Landwirtschaft , English: organic farming, organic agriculture
Topic:

organic food

German: Bio-Lebensmittel , English: organic food
Topic:
English - Explanation:

Organic food is used to denote food from organic farming. The term itself is clearly defined by European Union legislation. Organic foods must have been produced by controlled organic producers, may not be genetically modified, and may not be produced using chemically synthesised plant protection products, synthetic fertiliser or sewage sludge. Organic animal products must have been produced using animals kept in accordance with the EU Official Controls Regulation which, as a rule, may not have been treated with antibiotics and growth hormones.

organic waste

German: Bioabfall , English: organic waste
Topic:
English - Explanation:

Organic waste is waste of animal or plant origin that, once generated by households or businesses, is degradable by micro-organisms, demersal species or enzymes. Organic waste includes leftover food and grass cuttings, for instance. This type of waste is typically collected in a separate bin, known in Germany as the "Biotonne", and later composted and left to ferment. The resulting compost and fermentation residue are often reintroduced to the environment, for instance spread in gardens or fields.

overfishing

German: Überfischung , English: overfishing
Topic:
English - Explanation:

Overfishing refers to the exaggerated depletion of fish stocks in a body of water. Overfishing occurs when more fish are caught in a water body than can naturally reproduce or immigrate.

particulate pollution, dust pollution

German: Feinstaubbelastung , English: particulate pollution, dust pollution
Topic:

pollinator decline

German: Insektensterben , English: pollinator decline
Topic:
English - Explanation:

Pollinator decline refers to the reduction in insect species (biodiversity) or in the number of insects and other animal pollinators in a given area.

pollutant

German: Schadstoff , English: pollutant
Topic:
English - Explanation:

In common parlance, the term refers to substances or mixtures in the environment that can be harmful to humans, animals, plants and other organisms and even entire ecosystems.

protection of the environment, environmental protection

German: Umweltschutz , English: protection of the environment, environmental protection
Topic:

renaturation

German: Renaturierung , English: renaturation
Topic:
English - Explanation:

Renaturation refers to measures taken to return an area or region previously used by humans as closely as possible to its natural state.

renewable energies, renewable energy sources

German: erneuerbare Energien , English: renewable energies, renewable energy sources
Topic:

reusable packaging

German: Mehrwegverpackung , English: reusable packaging
Topic:
English - Explanation:

Packaging that can be used multiple times. Reusable packaging help to conserve natural resources by means of, e.g., lower energy consumption and less waste. However, the introduction of reusable packaging requires the presence of a system for returning and/or collecting said packaging as well as investment in storage space and cleaning facilities.

single-use packaging

German: Einwegverpackung , English: single-use packaging
Topic:
English - Explanation:

Packaging that is used once only and then disposed of (e.g., single-use bottles, beverage cans, cardboard/paper containers).

smart cities

German: Smart Cities , English: smart cities
Topic:
English - Explanation:

Smart cities refers to concepts that help to make cities more sustainable, environmentally friendly and socially inclusive through the use of modern information and communication technologies.

social sustainability

German: Soziale Nachhaltigkeit , English: social sustainability
Topic:
English - Explanation:

Social sustainability seeks to achieve social cohesion in line with the principles of humanity, liberty and justice. It is equally as significant as the two other dimensions of sustainability (economic and ecological) in terms of ensuring the long-term viability of a society or economy.

species extinction, extinction of species

German: Artensterben , English: species extinction, extinction of species
Topic:

species protection, protection of species

German: Artenschutz , English: species protection, protection of species
Topic:
English - Explanation:

The aim of species protection is to preserve the diversity of plants and animals and to guard against their extinction.

structural change

German: Strukturwandel , English: structural change
Topic:
English - Explanation:

Structural change means a long-term change in the structure of an industry, region or social class that has nothing to do with seasonal or other economic effects.

UN Sustainable Development Goals

German: Ziele für Nachhaltige Entwicklung (der UN) , English: UN Sustainable Development Goals
Topic:
English - Explanation:

The 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) of the United Nations seek to ensure sustainable development at the economic, social and ecological levels. The SDGs were adopted in analogy to the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) on 1 January 2016 and will run for 15 years (until 2030). Unlike the MDGs, which largely focused on developing countries, the SDGs apply to all countries. Officially, the SDGs are headed "Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development". Other terms used to refer to the SDGs include "global sustainability agenda", "Agenda 2030", and "Post-2015 Development Agenda".

United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)

German: Klimarahmenkonvention , English: United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)
Topic:
English - Explanation:

The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change was adopted at the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro in 1992 and came into force in 1994. It aims to curb climate change and mitigate its consequences through international cooperation. The 194 parties to the Convention meet each year at UN climate conferences, also known as Climate Summits.

waste cleanup campaign, cleanup campaign

German: Müllsammlungsaktion , English: waste cleanup campaign, cleanup campaign
Topic:
English - Explanation:

e.g. International Coastal Cleanup Day

water conservation, water protection, protection of water bodies

German: Gewässerschutz , English: water conservation, water protection, protection of water bodies
Topic:

water supply

German: Wasserversorgung , English: water supply
Topic:
English - Explanation:

Water supply refers to the installation and running of a supply infrastructure for drinking and industrial water.

water treatment, water purification

German: Wasseraufbereitung , English: water treatment, water purification
Topic:

wind turbine, wind energy converter

German: Windkraftanlage , English: wind turbine, wind energy converter
Topic:

Youth Association for the Protection of Nature (NAJU)

German: Naturschutzjugend (NAJU) , English: Youth Association for the Protection of Nature (NAJU)
Topic:
English - Explanation:

The youth chapter of NABU (Nature And Biodiversity Conservation Union) is known as Youth Association for the Protection of Nature (NAJU-Naturschutzjugend). Its members (children, youth and young adults) take action to protect nature and the environment. Organised in local chapters, they engage in particular in practical activities, such as planting trees, building toad fences, take care of meadow orchards, protect birds and bats or building ponds.

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