(informal) media education

German: Medienerziehung , English: (informal) media education
Topic:

Act to Improve Enforcement of the Law in Social Networks

German: Netzwerkdurchsetzungsgesetz , English: Act to Improve Enforcement of the Law in Social Networks
Topic:
English - Explanation:

The German Act to Improve Enforcement of the Law in Social Networks (also known as the Network Enforcement Act) aims to force telemedia service providers to remove unlawful content within 24 hours of having been notified of its existence. In less clear-cut cases, the deadline is seven days. Since the Act is aimed at providers with more than two million users, it quickly became known in common parlance as the "Facebook act", although in practice it also pertains to a large number of providers offering posting and commenting functions such as Twitter, YouTube, Instagram, Pinterest, Google+. German-speaking media also occasionally refer to it as the "hate speech act".

addicted to media, dependent on media

German: mediensüchtig , English: addicted to media, dependent on media
Topic:

app

German: App , English: app
Topic:
English - Explanation:

An abbreviation of the word "application", the term "app" is commonly used in everyday parlance. In the German-speaking areas, since the iOS App Store was launched in 2008, the term has been used almost exclusively to refer to mobile apps - applications designed for mobile devices such as smartphones or tablets.

bar camp, BarCamp

German: Barcamp , English: bar camp, BarCamp
Topic:
English - Explanation:

A bar camp is an open meeting with open workshops, the content and structure of which are decided upon beforehand by the participants themselves and which are subject to change during the event. Bar camps are an opportunity for exchange and debate on a certain topic, yet may also lead to outcomes before the event has even ended. All participants are considered equal; there are no hierarchies. (Also: unconference)

bashing

German: Bashing , English: bashing
Topic:
English - Explanation:

The term "bashing" denotes a type of abusive online behaviour, including severe denigrating or insulting behaviour and loss of control.

big data

German: Big Data , English: big data
Topic:
English - Explanation:

The term "big data" denotes data sets that are, for instance, too big, too complex, too short-lived or too unstructured to process them using manual or other customary methods. "Big data" is often used as a catch-all term for digital technologies that are held responsible for ushering in a new era of digital communication and processing (technical consequences) as well as for social change (social consequences).

blogger

German: Blogger , English: blogger
Topic:
English - Explanation:

Blogger refers to individuals who write blog posts or maintain entire sites or portals with text entries; the sites/portals are known as blogs. The authors' names appear above their entries, which are typically written in the first person and express the writers' personal opinions.

botnet

German: Botnet , English: botnet
Topic:
English - Explanation:

A botnet is a collection of connected devices (known as bots) whose security has been compromised by malicious software. The operators of illegal botnets infiltrate the bots without the knowledge of their owners to direct the devices for their own purposes.

chat

German: Chat , English: chat
Topic:
English - Explanation:

A chat is a form of real-time electronic communication that today is used by many individuals, especially younger people. Chats can take place in moderated chat rooms as well as on social networks (e.g., Facebook) and instant messaging services (WhatsApp, ICQ, Skype), all of which have large and diverse user communities. instant messenging is most frequently used on mobile devices such as smartphones.

child-safe search engines

German: Kindersuchmaschine , English: child-safe search engines
Topic:
English - Explanation:

Child-safe search engines provide a safe space for Internet users aged 6 to 12. The search engines only return pages that have been verified as suitable by media education experts. German-speaking child-safe search engines include helles-koepfchen.de, fragfinn.de or blinde-kuh.de.

computer game addiction, video game addiction

German: Computerspielsucht , English: computer game addiction, video game addiction
Topic:

copyright violation

German: Urheberrechtsverletzung , English: copyright violation
Topic:

counterspeech, counter speech

German: Counter Speech , English: counterspeech, counter speech
Topic:
English - Explanation:

If hateful and incendiary language is left to spread online, it can have a hurtful and threatening effect. In addition, lack of action can lead the perpetrators of hate speech to believe that they speak for a silent majority. Counterspeech is a possible response to hate speech and can take the shape of arguments or questions, and supportive messages directed at the targeted individuals, to redress the balance and create a plurality of opinions without hate.

Creative Commons (CC) licence

German: Creative-Commons-Lizenz (CC-Lizenz) , English: Creative Commons (CC) licence
Topic:
English - Explanation:

Creative Commons is a non-profit organisation that develops and releases standard licence agreements, known as Creative Commons licences. Meanwhile, six different standard licence agreements exist that govern the sharing of creative content. The creators can use these licences to share their content with others free of charge without them having to ask for permission beforehand. The agreements stipulate exactly what may be done with the content in question, for instance whether it may only be copied or actually adapted and shared in its new form.

cryptocurrency

German: Kryptowährung , English: cryptocurrency
Topic:
English - Explanation:

e.g. Bitcoin

cyber attack

German: Cyberangriff , English: cyber attack
Topic:
English - Explanation:

A cyber attack is a targeted attack on major computing network that are critical to the computing infrastructure.

cyber-bullying, cyberbullying

German: Cybermobbing , English: cyber-bullying, cyberbullying
Topic:

cyberspace

German: Cyberspace , English: cyberspace
Topic:
English - Explanation:

Cyberspace is a virtual (that is, not real) world that can only be accessed virtually using a computer. In the narrow sense, the term denotes a computer-generated, three-dimensional world, known as "virtual reality", that can be accessed by individuals, known as cybernauts, using special equipment. In the wider sense, "cyberspace" is used to mean the Internet at large.

data leech

German: Datenkrake , English: data leech
Topic:
English - Explanation:

In German parlance, "Datenkraken" (data leeches) is used to denote both government-run and private-sector organisations that circumvent data privacy rules. Data privacy was first established in Germany in the 1970s, initially with the government's growing hunger for data in mind. In the 1990s, private-sector companies, in particular, attracted the attention of data privacy experts. Data privacy became a major concern at the latest during the rise of social media in the mid-00s.

data misuse, misuse of data, data abuse

German: Datenmissbrauch , English: data misuse, misuse of data, data abuse
Topic:

data privacy breach

German: Datenschutzverstoß , English: data privacy breach
Topic:

data privacy officer, data protection officer

German: Datenschutzbeauftragter , English: data privacy officer, data protection officer
Topic:
English - Explanation:

All companies and organisations that engage in the automated processing of personal data must appoint a data privacy officer who is responsible for advising the company or organisation on matters relating to data privacy, trains and raises awareness among staff, and ensures compliance with data privacy regulations.

data protection declaration, privacy statement

German: Datenschutzerklärung , English: data protection declaration, privacy statement
Topic:

data protection, data privacy

German: Datenschutz , English: data protection, data privacy
Topic:
English - Explanation:

Data privacy or data protection means that individuals have the right to decide how their personal data are used, to ensure their privacy is maintained, or to ensure their data is protected against misuse.

democratic online culture

German: demokratische Netzkultur , English: democratic online culture
Topic:

digicamp

German: Digi Camp , English: digicamp
Topic:
English - Explanation:

A digicamp is designed to get young people interested in digital technologies, but also to make them aware of the pitfalls of using them. New media are challenging in many ways. Digicamps are one way for young people to learn how to use them properly.

Digital Agenda (of the German Federal Government)

German: Digitale Agenda (der Bundesregierung) , English: Digital Agenda (of the German Federal Government)
Topic:
English - Explanation:

The German Federal Government's Digital Agenda is its response to the challenges of digitalisation and helps shape digital change in society in Germany, Europe and the world at large.

digital communication

German: digitale Kommunikation , English: digital communication
Topic:

digital divide, digital gap

German: digitale Spaltung , English: digital divide, digital gap
Topic:
English - Explanation:

The digital divide refers to the gap between individuals who have access to modern ICT and the Internet and those who do not, due to, e.g., lack of technical infrastructure, knowledge, or service providers.

digital environment, digital life

German: digitale Lebenswelt , English: digital environment, digital life
Topic:

digital media skills

German: digitale Medienkompetenz , English: digital media skills
Topic:

digital natives

German: Digital Native , English: digital natives
Topic:
English - Explanation:

Digital natives is the term used to denote the generation born after 1980. This generation has access to digital media, grew up using these media, and has the ability to use them correctly. Individuals who meet all three of these criteria are referred to as digital natives.

digital participation

German: digitale Teilhabe , English: digital participation
Topic:

digital participation tool

German: digitales Beteiligungstool , English: digital participation tool
Topic:

digital policy

German: Netzpolitik , English: digital policy
Topic:
English - Explanation:

Digital policy is a policy field that centres around the cultural, media and legal issues surrounding the Internet.

digital revolution

German: Digitale Revolution , English: digital revolution
Topic:
English - Explanation:

The Digital Revolution is a term used to denote the changes brought by digital technologies and computers in the late 20th century to almost all areas of life. It is also referred to as the Third Industrial Revolution in an analogy to the first industrial revolution that took place 200 years prior. In technical contexts, another term used is "micro-electronic revolution".

digital rights

German: digitale Rechte , English: digital rights
Topic:
English - Explanation:

Digital rights are human rights in a digital context. They include, e.g., free access to the Internet, the right to express one's opinion freely online, and the right to privacy on the Internet.

digital tools

German: digitale Werkzeuge , English: digital tools
Topic:
English - Explanation:

Digital tools are applications, also known as programs or software, that are installed on computers, laptops, or smartphones and tablets (in which case they are known as apps) that help users to execute certain tasks and manage their workflows and everydays lives. They can be used to design learning materials, evaluate learners' progress, and digest content, for instance.

digital youth participation

German: digitale Jugendbeteiligung , English: digital youth participation
Topic:

digital youth work

German: digitale Jugendarbeit , English: digital youth work
Topic:

e-democracy

German: E-Democracy , English: e-democracy
Topic:
English - Explanation:

E-democracy denote the simplification and implementation of processes to ensure information, communication and interaction between and within legislative institutions, citizens, companies and public-sector institutions through the use of ICT. However, it also refers to the process of influencing decision-making and opinions. The use of e-democracy tools will remain voluntary until online elections are made possible nationwide. The tools used for e-democracy are in fact unavailable to some user groups, such as citizens who do not have access to the internet. E-democracy tools are part of what is known as e-government.

e-governance

German: E-Governance , English: e-governance
Topic:
English - Explanation:

E-governance means the use of digital technologies in government and administration. It serves to bring greater transparency and efficiency to decision-making and to interactions between governmental, civil-society and private-sector stakeholders, to serve their needs better, and make the process more participatory.

e-government

German: E-Government , English: e-government
Topic:
English - Explanation:

E-government in a wider sense denotes the simplification and implementation of processes to ensure information, communication and interaction between and within governmental institutions, local authorities and other public-sector stakeholders with citizens and companies through the use of ICT.

e-government, eGovernment

German: E-Government , English: e-government, eGovernment
Topic:

e-learning

German: E-Learning , English: e-learning
Topic:
English - Explanation:

E-learning, or electronic learning, denotes teaching and learning that can take place anywhere using electronic media, e.g., films, virtual classrooms, webinars and computers.

e-literacy

German: E-Literacy , English: e-literacy
Topic:
English - Explanation:

E-literacy (also known as digital literacy) denotes the ability to use digital devices (e.g., computers, tablets or smartphones) as intended.

e-participation

German: E-Partizipation , English: e-participation
Topic:
English - Explanation:

E-participation denotes the participation by citizens in political processes online (online participation), but also discussion portals, citizens' dialogues, online citizen surveys, online petitions and so forth.

e-skills, electronic skills

German: E-Skills , English: e-skills, electronic skills
Topic:
English - Explanation:

Digital skills required for certain professions or for working in certain companies or organisations, including programming or coding skills, software skills, etc.

electronic learning, e-learning, online learning

German: elektronisches Lernen , English: electronic learning, e-learning, online learning
Topic:

ePrivacy Regulation (of the European Union)

German: ePrivacy-Verordnung (der EU) , English: ePrivacy Regulation (of the European Union)
Topic:
English - Explanation:

The European Commission's Regulation on Privacy and Electronic Communications (ePrivacy Regulation for short) aims at strengthening citizens' privacy online and creating a stronger regulatory framework for data privacy.

EU data privacy rules

German: EU-Datenschutzregeln , English: EU data privacy rules
Topic:

EU General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR)

German: Datenschutz-Grundverordnung (DSGVO) der EU , English: EU General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR)
Topic:

European Data Protection Board (EDSA)

German: Europäischer Datenschutzausschuss (EDSA) , English: European Data Protection Board (EDSA)
Topic:
English - Explanation:

The European Data Protection Board (EDPB) is an independent European body, which contributes to the consistent application of data protection rules throughout the European Union, and promotes cooperation between the EU’s data protection authorities.

excessive media consumption

German: exzessiver Medienkonsum , English: excessive media consumption
Topic:

fake news

German: Fake News , English: fake news
Topic:
English - Explanation:

Fake news is a type of deliberate misinformation. Young people, in particular, customarily use social networks or blogs as news sources, which makes them especially vulnerable to misinformation spread by manipulative news sites that are difficult to spot for what they are. On the surface, these resources seem to provide reliable and neutral information, however they systematically spread xenophobic and/or right-wing content that is often aimed squarely against foreigners and refugees.

Federal Review Board for Media Harmful to Minors

German: Bundesprüfstelle für jugendgefährdende Medien , English: Federal Review Board for Media Harmful to Minors
Topic:
English - Explanation:

The Federal Review Board for Media Harmful to Minors has the mission to protect children and adolescents from media contents harmful to minors. It does so by blacklisting such media, a process referred to as "indexing" (Indizierung).

fishbowl discussion, fishbowl conversation

German: Fishbowl , English: fishbowl discussion, fishbowl conversation
Topic:
English - Explanation:

The fishbowl format is a form of dialogue that is suitable for large groups. The term references the seating arrangement: a small number of participants is seated in a small circle (the fishbowl), with the remaining participants arranged in a circle outside, from where they observe the discussion. Various options are available to them should they wish to join in the discussion.

flashmob, flash mob

German: Flashmob , English: flashmob, flash mob
Topic:
English - Explanation:

A flash mob is a larger group of people who assemble apparently spontaneously in a public space, having agreed to do so in advance using modern communication channels.

follower

German: Follower , English: follower
Topic:
English - Explanation:

A follower is someone who follows articles written by a certain author or on a certain topic via an online channel.

FOMO

German: FOMO , English: FOMO
Topic:
English - Explanation:

FOMO, or "fear of missing out", is the fear - particularly pervasive in social media - of not being involved in a certain experience, or of not spending one's time in a meaningful way.

glorification of eating disorders

German: Verherrlichung von Essstörungen , English: glorification of eating disorders
Topic:
English - Explanation:

A problematic development is currently taking place online, where eating disorders are glorified as lifestyle choices and referred to using trivialising terms, such as "pro-ana" (pro-anorexia) and "pro-mia" (pro-bulimia). Many websites show pictures of ballet dancers, fairies, angels or butterflies, representing physical perfection, weightlessness and grace. The authors and followers of this online content tend to be young women.

grooming

German: Cyber-Grooming , English: grooming
Topic:
English - Explanation:

Grooming, in an online context, is the process by which an individual befriends other individuals online with the aim of establishing sexual contact. In other words, it can also be understood as a online form of sexual harassment. The English term is used to mean contact with individuals of legal age as well as minors, yet the German equivalent term ("Cyber-Grooming") has come to be understood as pertaining only to minors (children and adolescents). Perpetrators (groomers) start by gaining the trust of their targets before moving on to committing criminal acts, such as obtaining pornographic images involving children or engaging in child sexual abuse. The term "grooming" itself goes back to the original meaning of the word, namely "preparing something for a specific purpose". In this context, this is done e.g. by flattering the intended victim or giving them gifts in order to gain their trust.

hacker attack, cybersecurity attack, cyber attack, cyberattack

German: Hackerangriff , English: hacker attack, cybersecurity attack, cyber attack, cyberattack
Topic:
English - Explanation:

In this context, "hacking" is the act of entering a system. In computing, a hacker is someone who is skilled at developing or reprogramming soft- and hardware. This can also be done for malicious purposes - for instance, using security gaps to break into computer systems and steal data - in which case hackers may also be referred to as "crackers".

harmful online behaviour

German: Verletzendes Online-Verhalten , English: harmful online behaviour
Topic:
English - Explanation:

Our media-heavy society, where most human interaction takes place online, has created a wider space in which individuals can carry out conflicts. Cyberbullying, shitstorms and online bashing are all forms of violence that are executed online. What they all have in common is that they violate people's integrity and their reputation in the real world.

hater

German: Hater , English: hater
Topic:
English - Explanation:

A hater is someone who cannot begrudge someone their good fortune, denigrates or even hates them, and communicates this publicly, often online.

influencer

German: Influencer , English: influencer
Topic:
English - Explanation:

An influencer is an individual who, owing to their strong presence and/or prominence in one or several social networks, can be asked to endorse a certain product, service or brand.

information society

German: Informationsgesellschaft , English: information society
Topic:

Internet freedom

German: Internetfreiheit , English: Internet freedom
Topic:
English - Explanation:

Also known as net neutrality, Internet freedom denotes discrimination-free access to the Internet and to digital content and the equitable transmission of all data online. Insufficient Internet freedom is mainly the result of an insufficient infrastructure or government censure.

Internet governance

German: Internet Governance , English: Internet governance
Topic:
English - Explanation:

Internet governance is the development and application of shared principles and rules to the evolution and use of the Internet, for instance, to safeguard fair competition between Internet companies through net neutrality (cf. free Internet).

Internet of Things

German: Internet der Dinge , English: Internet of Things
Topic:
English - Explanation:

Also known under its acronym IoT, the Internet of Things is an umbrella term for technologies that form a global infrastructure for the information society, enabling physical and virtual "things" or elements to connect thanks to information and communication technologies.

Internet safety quiz, online safety quiz

German: Internetführerschein , English: Internet safety quiz, online safety quiz
Topic:

internet scam

German: Abzocke im Internet , English: internet scam
Topic:
English - Explanation:

Whether knowledge quizzes, e-mails promising major inheritances or product samples, the Internet is where crafty scammers try to con users into handing over their cash by tempting them with supposedly free offers.

Interstate Treaty on the Protection of Minors in the Media

German: Jugendmedienschutz-Staatsvertrag , English: Interstate Treaty on the Protection of Minors in the Media
Topic:
English - Explanation:

This Interstate Treaty is binding upon all German federal states and comprises provisions on the protection of minors from harmful media. Specifically, it serves to prevent children and adolescents from accessing certain media either entirely, giving them access only to content that is age-appropriate.

IT security

German: IT-Sicherheit , English: IT security
Topic:
English - Explanation:

IT security denotes the protection of computer systems against damage to hardware and software as well as against damage resulting from systems failure or misuse.

JIM study

German: JIM-Studie , English: JIM study
Topic:
English - Explanation:

JIM (as part of the name "JIM study") stands for "Jugend, Information, (Multi-)Media" (youth, information, [multi] media). The JIM study has been conducted annually since 1998 to explore how young people aged 12 to 19 use information and media. Apart from providing a snapshot of the current situation, the data are a basis for designing strategies and new concepts for education, culture and employment. The JIM study is a long-term project, which allows the researchers to identify and document general developments and trends while examining specific issues in the individual years that help to reflect developments in the media.

literacy education, teaching literacy

German: Literacy-Erziehung , English: literacy education, teaching literacy
Topic:
English - Explanation:

Literacy education is a field of education that is concerned with learners' reading and writing abilities, and the use of communication systems and those that require decoding skills.

livestream

German: Streamingkonferenz , English: livestream
Topic:
English - Explanation:

A livestream is an event, e.g., a conference, that is broadcast in real time online, either with video or just audio.

m-learining, mobile learning

German: M-Learning , English: m-learining, mobile learning
Topic:
English - Explanation:

M-learning refers to learning using mobile media such as smartphone apps.

Massive Open Online Course (MOOC)

German: Massive Open Online Course (MOOC) , English: Massive Open Online Course (MOOC)
Topic:
English - Explanation:

MOOCs are online courses aimed at large audiences ("massive"). They are generally free of charge ("open") and can be freely accessed by users anywhere in the world. The only precondition is access to the Internet. MOOCs are offered online and usually start and end at a predetermined time. Learners can use forums to communicate and collaborate with fellow users. Having successfully completed a MOOC, users are issued with a certificate.

media addiction, media dependence

German: Mediensucht , English: media addiction, media dependence
Topic:

media ethics

German: Medienethik , English: media ethics
Topic:
English - Explanation:

Media ethics deals with the specific ethical principles and standards that apply to the production, distribution and reception of media and seeks to raise awareness of media ethics among the professionals, industries and individuals working in the media, taking into account of the responsibility of the audience.

media law, media legislation

German: Medienrecht , English: media law, media legislation
Topic:
English - Explanation:

Media law pertains to the use of publications of all kinds, especially when disseminated through what are known as new media (Internet, computers, digital media).

media scout

German: Medienscout , English: media scout
Topic:
English - Explanation:

The German term "Medienscout" (media scout) was coined in the context of an educational initiative to help young people develop media skills. Media scouts, also known as media mentors, are young people who are trained before assisting their peers and friends to navigate the world of media. The aim is to encourage children and adolescents to learn how to use media responsibly. The term "media scout" was deliberately chosen to reflect the link to the Scouting movement.

media skills

German: Medienkompetenz , English: media skills
Topic:
English - Explanation:

Media skills refers to the capability of individuals to understand and process information they receive via the media and to use that information productively and responsibly.

media usage agreement

German: Mediennutzungsvertrag , English: media usage agreement
Topic:
English - Explanation:

An agreement between parents and their children concerning the latters' use of a computer and/or smartphone.

media usage behaviour, media consumption behaviour, media usage habits, media consumption habits

German: Mediennutzungsverhalten , English: media usage behaviour, media consumption behaviour, media usage habits, media consumption habits
Topic:

media use, use of media, media consumption

German: Mediennutzung , English: media use, use of media, media consumption
Topic:

media-education (adj.), relating to media education

German: medienpädagogisch , English: media-education (adj.), relating to media education
Topic:

mediatisation of communication, mediatisation of communicative behaviour

German: Mediatisierung , English: mediatisation of communication, mediatisation of communicative behaviour
Topic:
English - Explanation:

The mediatisation of communication is a theory in communication and media science that explores the increasing penetration of our culture and our everyday lives by various forms of media communication and the resulting changes. At its core, the theory seeks to explain the reciprocal relationship between changes in the way we communicate (e.g., due to new media) and cultural developments.

microblog

German: Microblog , English: microblog
Topic:
English - Explanation:

A microblog, such as Twitter, is a social network that allows users to post blog entries. The primary difference between a blog and a microblog is the length of the post. Microblog posts are limited to 140 characters and can hence be considered the Internet variation of a text message.

mobile phone addiction, smartphone addiction

German: Handy-Sucht , English: mobile phone addiction, smartphone addiction
Topic:

national data protection authority

German: nationale Datenschutzbehörde , English: national data protection authority
Topic:

net neutrality

German: Netzneutralität , English: net neutrality
Topic:
English - Explanation:

Net neutrality is the principle that all data on the Internet be transmitted equally, without discrimination when it comes to accessing the Internet.

online advice, online counselling

German: Online-Beratung , English: online advice, online counselling
Topic:

online bullying, cyber bullying

German: Internet-Bullying , English: online bullying, cyber bullying
Topic:
English - Explanation:

Online bullying refers to the spread of targeted insults or abuse against an individual, or the act of embarrassing others using modern communication tools. It is often perpetrated by school students using e.g., text messenging, e-mails or chat clients. The victims are often fellow students, girls and teachers.

online hate, online hate speech

German: Hass im Netz , English: online hate, online hate speech
Topic:

online petition, e-petition

German: Online-Petition , English: online petition, e-petition
Topic:

online public participation platform

German: Online-Beteiligungsplattform , English: online public participation platform
Topic:

open content

German: freie Inhalte , English: open content
Topic:
English - Explanation:

There is a lot of content online that has been released by the creators for further use without having to obtain permission beforehand. Such content - which can be music, articles, images, or even entire films - is referred to as "open content". Such content is said to be under an "open licence" and is often recognisable as such by the "CC" logo (cf. Creative Commons [CC] licence).

open data

German: Open Data , English: open data
Topic:
English - Explanation:

Open data is data that is free to use, disseminate and amended to create new content by anyone. The call for open data is based on the assumption that freely usable data creates more transparency and opportunities for collaboration. Free (or open) licenses are used to ensure that open data is reusable.

open government

German: Open Government , English: open government
Topic:
English - Explanation:

Open government stands for extended government transparency and accountability. It enables citizens to influence and participate in political decision-making and in implementing said decisions. Modern communications technologies play a major role in this context.

open source

German: Open Source , English: open source
Topic:
English - Explanation:

Open-source software programmes may be used free of charge and, since the source code is freely accessible, can theoretically be redesigned and adapted to fit one's own needs. Examples of open-source programmes include Linux, Mozilla Firefox, Wikipedia, and OpenStreetMap.

PEGI

German: PEGI , English: PEGI
Topic:
English - Explanation:

PEGI (Pan European Game Information) is the first Europe-wide rating and age recommendation system for video game content.

personal privacy settings

German: individuelle Privatsphäre-Einstellungen , English: personal privacy settings
Topic:

problematic online content

German: Problematische Inhalte im Netz , English: problematic online content
Topic:
English - Explanation:

Such content can include fake news, pornography, sexting, right-wing extremism and sites glorifying eating disorders. The number of websites with content unsuitable for children and adolescents is enormous, and protecting young people from it is exceptionally difficult. The authorities often find it impossible to prevent access since many sites are hosted on servers outside of Germany. It is hence all the more important that parents and education professionals teach children about the many dangers lurking online and how to use the Internet safely.

right of publicity

German: Recht am eigenen Bild , English: right of publicity
Topic:
English - Explanation:

The right of publicity refers to the right to keep one's image and likeness from being commercially exploited without permission or contractual compensation.

right to be forgotten

German: Recht auf Vergessenwerden , English: right to be forgotten
Topic:
English - Explanation:

Data that is no longer needed to fulfil the purpose for which it was originally stored must be deleted. The right to be forgotten serves to ensure that digital personal data is not available infinitely.

screen time

German: Medienzeiten , English: screen time
Topic:
English - Explanation:

Screen time refers to the time limit agreed between parents and children regarding the use of media (smartphones, computers, gaming consoles, etc.).

sexting

German: Sexting , English: sexting
Topic:
English - Explanation:

The term "sexting", a portmanteau combining the words "sex" and "texting", describes the sending and receiving of self-produced, explicit images via a computer or smartphone. Although the term is established among researchers, it is not commonly used by adolescents, as studies have shown. Young people (and adults) are more likely to use terms referring to the act itself, such as "sending sexy photos/selfies/pics/nudes".

shitstorm

German: Shitstorm , English: shitstorm
Topic:
English - Explanation:

The term "shitstorm" describes a type of insulting or denigrating online behaviour. It refers to the uncontrollable and highly emotional form of public backlash that is largely unrelated to the actual issue at hand and becomes increasingly personal and injurious. A shitstorm can be triggered by a blog post, in the comments section of a blog, or on Twitter or Facebook, for instance.

simplified language

German: Leichte Sprache , English: simplified language
Topic:
English - Explanation:

Simplified language (German: "Leichte Sprache") is a form of plain language that adheres to a set of rules published by the German organisation "Netzwerk Leichte Sprache" (established 2006). The rules govern phrasing, spelling, and recommended fonts and media. Simplified language is designed to assist individuals who, for various reasons, have difficulty in understanding German, to comprehend German texts.

smart cities

German: Smart Cities , English: smart cities
Topic:
English - Explanation:

Smart cities refers to concepts that help to make cities more sustainable, environmentally friendly and socially inclusive through the use of modern information and communication technologies.

smart youth work

German: smarte Jugendarbeit , English: smart youth work
Topic:
English - Explanation:

Smart youth work refers to an innovative approach in youth work that is largely digital in nature, meaning that it involves the active use of digital media and technologies, or centres on these technologies. Smart youth work serves to reach out to young people by means of new technologies and innovative methods, while teaching them digital skills at the same time. It is also potentially capable of helping to actively shape the digital society and, through its activities, encourage young people to get involved.

social bot

German: Social Bot , English: social bot
Topic:
English - Explanation:

For instance, a Twitter bot. A "bot", an abbreviation of "robot", is a computer program that is programmed to fulfil certain tasks. Opinion bots, often attached to a fake social media account, often pretend to be human.

social network gaming, social network games

German: Social Gaming , English: social network gaming, social network games
Topic:
English - Explanation:

Social network games such as FarmVille, Mafia Wars etc. are played on social networks such as Facebook or MySpace. They are successful because they encourage social interaction, create a sense of competition among users, and are easy to play. The games themselves are free to play, but players can spend "real" money to purchase a variety of virtual assets or open a premium account so they can score higher.

to like

German: liken , English: to like
Topic:
English - Explanation:

Liking is the act of expressing one's approval of or support for something seen on a social network. There are many social websites that allow users (occasionally also non-registered users) to click on an icon, such as the Facebook "like button", to "like" other users' posts. Various options exist: for instance, simple positive votes (e.g., Facebook), stronger "likes", "dislikes" (e.g., YouTube), and various gradations in between (e.g., between 1 and 5 stars).

video platform

German: Videoplattform , English: video platform
Topic:
English - Explanation:

e.g., YouTube

voluntary self-regulation, voluntary self-control, voluntary self-monitoring

German: Freiwillige Selbstkontrolle , English: voluntary self-regulation, voluntary self-control, voluntary self-monitoring
Topic:

Web 2.0 ("web two point oh")

German: Web 2.0 , English: Web 2.0 ("web two point oh")
Topic:

web content filter, parental control software

German: Jugendschutzfilter , English: web content filter, parental control software
Topic:
English - Explanation:

Web content filters are software programmes that categorise websites into white- or blacklists depending on their suitability for certain age groups. They can be used to protect children and adolescents from unsuitable content online.

webcast discussion

German: Webtalk , English: webcast discussion
Topic:
English - Explanation:

A live discussion that is broadcast online.

webinar

German: Webinar , English: webinar
Topic:
English - Explanation:

A webinar is a seminar held online.

youth media education

German: Jugendmedienarbeit , English: youth media education
Topic:

youth media protection

German: Jugendmedienschutz , English: youth media protection
Topic:

youth-appropriate language

German: jugendgerechte Sprache , English: youth-appropriate language
Topic:
English - Explanation:

Youth-appropriate language does not mean that adults should imitate the way young people speak; rather, it involves using clear language, explaining technical terms, structuring one's sentences clearly, avoiding noun-heavy constructions, and preferring the active versus the passive voice. In addition, the language used should be appropriate to the person using it, so that young people take that person seriously and by extension, feel taken seriously themselves. Article 12 of the EU General Data Protection Regulation even stipulates that information addressed specifically to a child should be presented in "concise, transparent, intelligible and easily accessible form, using clear and plain language".

YouTuber

German: YouTuber , English: YouTuber
Topic:
English - Explanation:

A person who uploads, produces, or appears in videos on the video-sharing website YouTube.

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