与社会环境的关联, 社会环境关系

German: Sozialraumbezug , English: relevant to the social environment, relevant to the community, with a relevance to the social environment, with a relevance to the community, relating to the social environment, relating to the community
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以社会环境为导向

German: Sozialraumorientierung , English: community orientation, orientation towards the social environment
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低门槛性

German: Niedrigschwelligkeit , English: of a low-threshold nature
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儿童身心成长和儿童利益

German: Kindeswohl , English: child welfare
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全日制养育(指青少年儿童在另外一个家庭日夜居住和接受养育)

German: Vollzeitpflege , English: full-time care
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半固定型专业工作

German: teilstationäre Hilfen , English: semi-residential socio-educational support
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固定型机构

German: stationäre Einrichtung , English: residential establishment
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固定型青少年专业工作

German: stationäre Jugendhilfe , English: residential care for young people in difficult situations
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在学校开展的青少年社会工作

German: Jugendsozialarbeit an Schulen , English: youth social work at schools
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增权

German: Empowerment , English: empowerment
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Chinese - Explanation:

增权纲领,是社会工作领域的一个行动纲领。这个词的直接翻译是“自己授权”、“自己赋权”、“增加自治和自己拥有的权利”。增权的目标是让人们能找到自己的优点,加强自己的能力和天赋,并且释放资源,以此能帮助人们自决地构建其日常生活。

English - Explanation:

The concept of empowerment originates in social work. The term itself has connotions of "taking control", "taking action", "strengthening one's autonomy". Empowerment aims to encourage individuals to discover their strengths, talents and abilities so they can use these resources to manage their everyday lives and their futures.

学校的社会工作者

German: Schulsozialarbeiter , English: school social worker, social worker in schools
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学校社会工作

German: Schulsozialarbeit , English: school social work, social work in schools
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家庭社会工作

German: sozialpädagogische Familienhilfe , English: socio-educational help for families
Topic:
Chinese - Explanation:

根据社法典第八卷第31条,家庭社会工作,是教育专业工作的一部分。从事家庭社会工作的人员,定期前往特定家庭进行拜访,并与那些家庭共同寻找解决家庭问题的方案。

English - Explanation:

Section 31 of Book 8 of the Social Code mentions socio-educational help for families as a specific form of socio-educational support. Family support workers regularly visit families in their homes and work with them to find solutions to any family problems.

寄养儿童, 被寄养的儿童

German: Pflegekind , English: foster child
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对儿童身心成长和儿童利益的危害

German: Kindeswohlgefährdung , English: endangerment of the welfare of a child
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寻访式青少年工作

German: Aufsuchende Jugendarbeit , English: youth outreach services
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Chinese - Explanation:

同义词:流动性青少年工作、街头工作。其含义是:流动性或街头(寻访性)青少年工作主要针对14岁至27岁的青少年及年轻成人,他们作为个人、群体或社会景象出现在公共空间。他们常常需要获得特殊的帮助。而专业工作体系的其它服务项目未能(或未曾)覆盖到这些青少年。此类工作能帮助年轻人自己克服其个人或集体生活环境中的问题,尤其在出现冲突的情况下。

English - Explanation:

Youth outreach services. Also known as mobile youth work or youth streetwork. Explanation: youth outreach services are aimed primarily at adolescents and young adults aged 14 to 27 who move in public spaces either individually, in groups or as part of a "scene". These individuals often need a specific level of support and are not or no longer covered by other forms of systematic support. Youth outreach services empower young people to take charge of their own circumstances or those of the group they live in, especially in conflict situations.

州区青少年事务局

German: Kreisjugendamt , English: Kreis (district) youth welfare office
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州级青少年事务局

German: Landesjugendamt , English: Land (state) youth welfare office
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市级青少年事务局

German: Stadtjugendamt , English: municipal youth welfare office
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帮助, 支持, 资助

German: Unterstützung , English: support, assistance, benefits
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帮助性服务, 支持性服务, 资助性服务

German: Unterstützungsangebot , English: support services, offer of assistance
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开放型青少年工作

German: offene Jugendarbeit , English: open-door youth work activities
Topic:
Chinese - Explanation:

开放型青少年儿童工作,是社会工作的一部分。参与这类活动的青少年儿童无需付费,也无需成为会员,更无需达到某些特定的前提条件,可以在业余时间参加这类活动。

English - Explanation:

Open-door youth work activities are part of the social work field. They are open to children and young people at no charge. No membership is required and there are no special requirements for access.

德国国家早期专业工作服务中心

German: Nationales Zentrum Frühe Hilfen , English: national centre for early intervention
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Chinese - Explanation:

缩写为:NZFH。2007年,联邦家庭、老人、妇女和青年部(BMFSFJ)成立了德国国家早期专业工作服务中心,其目的是提供预防性儿童保护,并加强儿童早期专业工作机构的建设和扩大。该中心的首要目标是:让医疗卫生专业工作和青少年儿童专业工作组成极其高效的网络,更早并更好地保护青少年儿童免遭伤害。

English - Explanation:

The NZFH (national centre for early intervention) was founded in 2007 by the Federal Ministry for Family Affairs, Senior Citizens, Women and Youth (BMFSFJ) to strengthen preventive child protection and assist experts in improving the early intervention scheme. The overall aim of the NZFH is to help protect children earlier and more effectively from harm by building effective networks between healthcare and child and youth services providers.

教育方面的固定型专业工作

German: stationäre Erziehungshilfe , English: residential socio-educational support
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有专人照看的青少年居住场所

German: betreutes Jugendwohnen , English: assisted living for young people, sheltered housing for young people, Foyer project, Foyer living
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流动型青少年工作

German: mobile Jugendarbeit , English: outreach youth work, detached youth work
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生活的社会环境, 生活圈子

German: Milieu , English: social environment, social scene
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社会弱势青少年

German: sozial benachteiligter Jugendlicher , English: disadvantaged young person, young person from a disadvantaged background, young person with fewer opportunities, young person from a disadvantaged family
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社会教育学

German: Sozialpädagogik , English: social education
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Chinese - Explanation:

社会教育学作为一门科学与实践,由抚养、教育和社会国家干预这三部分混合而成。社会教育学实现下列目标:年轻人自己承担责任,让他们能参与社会及公众生活,减少社会歧视。

English - Explanation:

The science and practice of social education refers to a combination of education and welfare state intervention. Social education as a field seeks to empower young people, assist them in participating in society, and eliminate social disadvantages.

社会教育学方面的支持

German: sozialpädagogische Begleitung , English: socio-educational support
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社会教育学者, 社会工作者

German: Sozialpädagoge , English: social education worker
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社会福利与保障

German: Sozialleistungen , English: social security benefits, social welfare
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社会空间, 社会环境

German: Sozialraum , English: social environment, community
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行为异常现象

German: Verhaltensauffälligkeit , English: behavioural disorder, behavioural problems, behavioural issues
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街头社会工作

German: Straßensozialarbeit , English: street work, detached work
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被忽视或无人照管的儿童

German: vernachlässigtes Kind , English: neglected child
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负责青少年业余活动的专业工作者

German: Jugendpfleger , English: youth officer
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逃学的人, 拒绝上学的人

German: Schulverweigerer , English: school refuser, truant
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重新融入

German: Wiedereingliederung , English: reintegration, rehabilitation
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青少年之家, 青少年活动中心

German: Jugendhaus , English: youth club
Topic:
Chinese - Explanation:

提供开放性业余活动的青少年业余活动场所,并帮助解决日常生活中遇到的困难。

English - Explanation:

Youth centre that offers leisure activities and assistance with everyday problems.

青少年事务局

German: Jugendamt , English: youth welfare office
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Chinese - Explanation:

青少年儿童专业工作各个地方性机构(通常是州区、不隶属于州区的独立市)必须成立一个青少年事务局。青少年事务局根据社法典第八卷第2条的规定,完成青少年儿童专业工作的任务。

English - Explanation:

All local child and youth services providers (generally all urban districts and counties) must maintain a youth welfare office. The offices provide child and youth services as required under Section 2 of Book 8 of the Social Code. Note: "Jugendamt" is occasionally also translated as "youth office“

青少年儿童专业工作

German: Kinder- und Jugendhilfe , English: child and youth services
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青少年儿童专业工作法

German: Kinder- und Jugendhilfegesetz (KJHG) , English: Child and Youth Services Act
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青少年儿童工作

German: Kinder- und Jugendarbeit , English: child and youth work
Topic:
Chinese - Explanation:

青少年儿童工作,是社会工作的行动领域,是青少年儿童业余教育的一个重要组成部分。青少年儿童工作,促进年轻人的个性发展,切合年轻人的利益,并由年轻人共同参与到构建过程中来。该工作面向27岁以下所有的青少年儿童及年轻的成年人。

English - Explanation:

Child and youth work belongs to the field of social work and places a strong educational role in non-school settings. Child and youth work helps young people to develop their personalities. It responds to the interests of young people, who themselves help shape the activities they are offered. Child and youth work is aimed at all children, adolescents and young adults under 27.

青少年儿童资助、促进措施

German: Kinder- und Jugendförderung , English: child and youth support services
Topic:
Chinese - Explanation:

该概念包含下列各部分:青少年儿童工作(开放型服务、青少年联合会提供的服务),青少年社会工作以及教育性的青少年儿童保护(社法典第八卷第11-14款)。该概念包括对上述提及领域里的措施、项目提供专业支持与经济资助。各州的青少年儿童资助与促进法,负责处理细节问题。

English - Explanation:

Child and youth support services comprises child and youth services (both non-statutory and provided by an association), youth social work and educational child and youth protection (cf. Sections 11-14 in Book 8 of the Social Code). It also comprises technical and financial resources dedicated to activities and projects in these fields. The details are laid down in the federal states' child and youth support services acts.

青少年宿舍

German: Jugendwohnheim , English: residential home for young people
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青少年寄宿教养院(亦指用于青少年聚会和业余活动的场所和机构)

German: Jugendheim , English: youth centre , residential home for young people
Topic:
Chinese - Explanation:

指的是下面两种情况:提供开放性业余活动的青少年业余活动场所,并帮助解决日常生活中遇到的困难;伴随教育学指导的青少年寄宿教养院。

English - Explanation:

A German "Jugendheim" can refer to a) a youth centre that offers leisure activities and assistance with everyday problems or to b) a residential home for young people that is staffed with youth workers.

青少年拘留, 青少年禁闭

German: Jugendarrest , English: juvenile detention
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青少年拘留所, 青少年禁闭所

German: Jugendarrestanstalt , English: young offenders' institution, youth detention centre, juvenile detention centre
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青少年法庭

German: Jugendgericht , English: juvenile court, youth court
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青少年法庭社会专业工作

German: Jugendgerichtshilfe , English: youth court assistance service
Topic:
Chinese - Explanation:

对青少年(14岁至17岁)或正转变为成人的年轻人(18岁至20岁)引入刑法程序时,青少年法庭必须召唤专人提供青少年法庭社会专业工作。该专业工作发挥社会教育学观点,检查引入青少年专业工作服务的可能性,或检查是否有其他可能性来替代正式刑诉程序。

English - Explanation:

In criminal cases involving youth (aged between 14 and 17) or young adults (18 to 20), the youth court must consult the youth court assistance service. Its representatives examine the social and care-related aspects of the proceedings and consider whether youth services are to be provided and/or whether there is an alternative to formal proceedings before a criminal court.

青少年法庭社会工作者

German: Jugendgerichtshelfer , English: representative of the youth court assistance service
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青少年犯罪, 青少年犯罪现象

German: Jugendkriminalität , English: youth crime, juvenile crime
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青少年犯罪惩罚措施的执行

German: Jugendstrafvollzug , English: young offenders' institution, youth detention centre, juvenile detention centre
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青少年犯罪惩罚(有别于其他惩罚措施及教育措施)

German: Jugendstrafe , English: youth custodial sentence, youth custody
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青少年社会工作

German: Jugendsozialarbeit , English: youth social work
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青少年社会工作合作联盟

German: Kooperationsverbund Jugendsozialarbeit , English: Cooperative Federation for Youth Social Work
Topic:
Chinese - Explanation:

德国范围内青少年社会工作大型机构组成的联盟,包括下列机构:劳工福利组织(AWO)、新教青少年社会工作联邦工作组(BAG EJSA)、天主教青少年社会工作联邦工作组(BAG KJS)、青少年社会工作地方机构联邦工作组(BAG ÖRT)、德国平等公益联合会(DER PARITÄTISCHE)、德国红十字会(DRK)、国际联盟。

English - Explanation:

The Cooperative Federation for Youth Social Work is an association of large nationwide youth social work providers, specifically the German Workers' Welfare Association (AWO), Federal Association for Protestant Youth Social Work (BAG EJSA), Federal Association for Catholic Youth Social Work (BAG KJS), Federal Association of Local and Regional Youth Social Work Agencies (BAG ÖRT), DER PARITÄTISCHE Gesamtverband (DER PARITÄTISCHE), the German Red Cross (DRK) and Internationaler Bund.

青少年资助、促进措施

German: Jugendförderung , English: youth support services
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Chinese - Explanation:

参见“青少年儿童资助、促进措施”词条。其目标群体为:6岁至27岁之间的年轻人。青少年儿童资助、促进措施,包括下列领域:开放型青少年工作、青少年联合会工作、青少年社会工作以及教育性青少年儿童保护。

English - Explanation:

Cf. also "child and youth support services". Target group: young people aged 6 to 27. Child and youth support services comprise outreach youth work, youth association work, youth social work and educational child and youth protection.

青少年违法犯罪

German: Jugenddelinquenz , English: juvenile delinquency
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青少年(业余活动)工作

German: Jugendpflege , English: youth work
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(因被忽视或无人照管,身心和生活处于)极其不良状态

German: Verwahrlosung , English: neglect
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(机构里受到专门委任的)委托人, 可以信任的人

German: Vertrauensperson , English: person of trust, confidant
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(职业培训或实习期间,在自家以外的)青少年集体住所

German: Jugendwohnen , English: communal living for young people with social worker support
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