业余大学

German: Volkshochschule , English: adult education centre
Topic:

中学, 结束一个学习后升学到另一个学校

German: weiterführende Schule , English: secondary school
Topic:

乡镇地方的教育景观

German: kommunale Bildungslandschaft , English: municipal educational network
Topic:
Chinese - Explanation:

乡镇地方的教育景观,是人们有意识构建的地方政策性教育网络,该网络是长期性的、专业构建性的,并以有计划的共同行动为目标。它包括特定地区范围里的正规教育场所、非正式学习世界。

English - Explanation:

In some regions or municipalities, educational institutions - schools, daycare centres and non-school facilities - form networks under which the cooperate.

以学习为目标的流动性

German: Mobilität zu Lernzwecken , English: mobility for learning purposes
Topic:

企业里进行的培训

German: betriebliche Ausbildung , English: in-service training, in-company training
Topic:

双轨制培训, 双元制培训

German: duale Ausbildung , English: dual training
Topic:
Chinese - Explanation:

同义词:双轨制职业培训,双元制职业培训。该职业培训或双轨培训,是最为出名的培训方式,拥有两个学习地点:企业及职业学校。

English - Explanation:

Synonym for dual vocational training (combination of day release/sandwich courses and practical work for apprentices)

双轨制职业培训, 双元制职业培训

German: duale Berufsausbildung , English: dual vocational training (combination of day release/sandwich courses and practical work for apprentices)
Topic:
Chinese - Explanation:

同义词:双轨制培训,双元制培训。该职业培训或双轨培训,是最为出名的培训方式,拥有两个学习地点:企业及职业学校。

English - Explanation:

Dual vocational training (also referred to as dual training) is the best-known form of vocational training, with apprentices undergoing training both in-company and at vocational college.

受雇就业能力

German: Beschäftigungsfähigkeit , English: employability
Topic:

哈茨四号, 第二失业金

German: Hartz IV , English: Hartz IV (pronounced "vier")
Topic:
Chinese - Explanation:

第二失业金,缩写:ALG II,生活口语中常常被称为哈茨四号。该失业金为寻找工作的人提供基本经济保障,让领取哈茨四号的人能维持自己和家人的生活开支。

English - Explanation:

In Germany, unemployment benefit II (abbreviated in German to ALG II and known colloquially as "Hartz IV") is a form of basic income for jobseekers. It serves to secure the livelihood of the beneficiaries and of their dependents.

国际活动参与及能力证明

German: Nachweise International , English: Nachweise International (Certificates International)
Topic:
Chinese - Explanation:

该证明是由多个部分组成的一种证明体系,证明里记录了青少年参加了或积极服务于哪些国际交流或交换项目、展现了哪些能力。该证明显示出年轻人拥有哪些学习经验、能力和才能。年轻人求职时可以出示该证明。

English - Explanation:

Certificates International is a multi-part certification scheme allowing participants to document their personal achievements and skills demonstrated in international youth work projects and exchanges. Participants can use the certificates as a form of documentation when they apply for jobs.

地方的教育景观

German: lokale Bildungslandschaft , English: local educational network
Topic:
Chinese - Explanation:

地方的教育景观,是人们有意识构建的地方政策性教育网络,该网络是长期性的、专业构建性的,并以有计划的共同行动为目标。它包括特定地区范围里的正规教育场所、非正式学习世界。

English - Explanation:

In some regions or municipalities, educational institutions - schools, daycare centres and non-school facilities - form networks under which the cooperate.

培训, 训练, 学徒培训

German: Ausbildung , English: vocational education and training (VET), apprenticeship, traineeship
Topic:

培训体系

German: Ausbildungssystem , English: education system
Topic:

培训促进措施, 培训资助措施

German: Ausbildungsförderung , English: education grant
Topic:

培训师, 教员

German: Ausbilder , English: instructor, trainer
Topic:

培训机构, 提供培训的企业

German: Ausbildungsbetrieb , English: training establishment, firm providing training, provider of training, training provider
Topic:

学习方面提供的服务

German: Lernangebot , English: learning opportunities
Topic:

学校到职场的过渡体系

German: Übergangssystem Schule - Beruf , English: school-to-employment transition system
Topic:

学校毕业(资格), 中学学历

German: Schulabschluss , English: school-leaving certificate
Topic:

实习, 见习

German: Praktikum , English: work experience, internship
Topic:

就业促进

German: Arbeitsförderung , English: employment promotion
Topic:

就业准备培训措施

German: Berufsvorbereitende Bildungsmaßnahmen , English: vocational preparation scheme, vocational training preparation, employability measure, prevocational training
Topic:
Chinese - Explanation:

缩写:BvB。同义词为:职业准备措施。就业准备培训措施,指的是联邦劳动局提供的各种职业引导或职业资格培训方面的促进措施。该措施主要针对刚迈入职场的、学校成绩不佳的社会弱势群体,目标是帮助他们更容易地融入职场,尤其令他们能更容易获得职业培训机会。

English - Explanation:

Under the vocational preparation scheme, the Federal Labour Office offers various training measures for career guidance and qualification purposes. They are aimed predominantly at career entrants with low academic performance and from socially disadvantaged backgrounds and are designed to assist them with transitioning into the labour market, notably by taking up a traineeship or apprenticeship.

就业市场, 劳动市场

German: Arbeitsmarkt , English: labour market, job market, employment market
Topic:

尼特族

German: NEETs , English: NEETs
Topic:
Chinese - Explanation:

不升学、不就业、不进修的青少年

English - Explanation:

Young people who are not in employment, education or training

年轻企业界人士, 年轻的企业主身份

German: Jungunternehmertum , English: youth entrepreneurship
Topic:

年轻的企业家

German: Jungunternehmer , English: young entrepreneur
Topic:

开放式大学

German: Offene Universität , English: open university
Topic:
Chinese - Explanation:

也被称为:开放大学。这类大学为每个人提供课程,开设数字化学习。用户可以使用免费提供的学习材料,并在开放式小组中进行交流。

English - Explanation:

An open university is a place of learning that open to everyone wishing to pursue an online course of study. Users can freely access the teaching materials on the site and engage in discussions with their peers in forums.

提供流动性服务咨询的引导员

German: Mobilitätslotse , English: mobility advisor
Topic:
Chinese - Explanation:

是德国的欧洲信息传播与信息咨询服务网(Eurodesk)提供的进修服务:提供流动性服务咨询的引导员,为年轻人提供中立的咨询和信息。如果年轻人想前往外国生活一段时间,就可以获知有哪些丰富多彩的可能性。

English - Explanation:

Eurodesk Germany offers training courses for those interested in becoming a mobility guide. Mobility guides provide objective advice to young people on the many opportunities there are to spend a period abroad.

文化能力证明

German: Kompetenznachweis Kultur , English: "Kompetenznachweis Kultur" certificate
Topic:
Chinese - Explanation:

缩写:KNK。文化能力证明,是教育证明,如果12岁以上的青少年参加了艺术、文化教育活动,就可以获得该证明

English - Explanation:

"Kompetenznachweis Kultur" (KNK) is a certificate that is issued to young people aged 12 or above after they have taken part in an art or art education project.

流动性经验

German: Mobilitätserfahrung , English: mobility experience
Topic:

离校者, 中小学的毕业生, 弃学的学生

German: Schulabgänger , English: school graduate
Topic:

第二劳动市场

German: Zweiter Arbeitsmarkt , English: secondary labour market
Topic:

终身学习

German: lebenslanges Lernen , English: life-long learning, lifelong learning
Topic:

职业中心

German: Jobcenter , English: job centre
Topic:
Chinese - Explanation:

职业中心,通常是劳动局和乡镇地方共同成立的机构,为领取二号失业金的人服务。其任务为:提供福利措施或服务、介绍工作。

English - Explanation:

Job centres are run jointly by the Federal Employment Agency and the local authorities. They assist recipients of unemployment benefit II (jobseekers) in finding employment.

职业准备年

German: Berufsvorbereitungsjahr , English: prevocational training year
Topic:
Chinese - Explanation:

缩写:BVJ。职业准备年,是联邦劳动局提供的为期一年的学校“就业准备培训措施”(缩写:BvB)。职业准备年,是为退学学生而准备的措施。这些学生完成了全日制学校义务教育,但是未能获得普通中学的毕业证,或者毕业证成绩较差。该准备年主要针对的群体是学习成绩差、或处于社会弱势群体、行为异常的人,也包括特殊学校的学生。其目标是改善参与者的机会,让他们能成功迈入职业生涯。

English - Explanation:

The prevocational training year is a one-year, in-school vocational preparation measure offered by the Federal Labour Office. It is designed for young people who have completed the required number of school years but have not obtained a lower secondary school-leaving qualification (Hauptschulabschluss) or have weak grades. The measure is aimed in particular at young people with learning difficulties, from socially disadvantaged backgrounds and behavioural issues, as well as at special-needs students. The aim is to improve participants' chance of successfully beginning a career.

职业受训者, 培训生, 学徒

German: Auszubildender , English: apprentice, trainee
Topic:

职业咨询

German: Berufsberatung , English: career(s) advice, vocational guidance, career(s) service, career(s) services, career(s) counselling
Topic:

职业培训

German: berufliche Bildung , English: professional training, vocational training, vocational education and training (VET)
Topic:

职业培训, 职业训练

German: Berufsausbildung , English: vocational training, apprenticeship
Topic:

职业定向, 就业指导

German: Berufsorientierung , English: career orientation, career choices
Topic:

职业融入

German: berufliche Eingliederung , English: professional integration, professional insertion
Topic:

职业选择, 就业选择

German: Berufswahl , English: choice of profession, choice of career, career choice
Topic:

职场, 职业领域, 职业生涯

German: Arbeitswelt , English: world of work, professional world, professional sphere
Topic:

联邦劳动局

German: Bundesagentur für Arbeit , English: Federal Employment Agency
Topic:
Chinese - Explanation:

缩写:BA。同义词:劳动局。日常生活口语中也被称为:Arbeitsamt。联邦劳动局为劳动市场提供服务。主要任务包括:介绍工作、劳动市场咨询、在职业信息中心(为青少年及成年人)提供职业咨询等,因故无法获得工资情况下支付替代收入、为失业者提供失业救济金、为进修培训的人提供失业救济金等等,资助职业进修、为创业者提供启动津贴等就业准备培训措施(BvB)等等。联邦劳动局在地区层面的办事处被称为“地区指导处”,在地方层面被称为“劳动局”。

English - Explanation:

The Federal Employment Agency (German: Bundesagentur für Arbeit, or BA) is a German provider of labour market services. Its most important tasks include job and training placement, labour market counselling, career guidance (for young people and adults) in career counselling centres, provision of benefits replacing employment income such as unemployment benefit, provision of assistance with professional development, provision of assistance for start-up businesses, promotion of vocational training, and provision of vocational preparation services (inter alia). The Federal Employment Agency maintains ten Regional Directorates (German: Regionaldirektionen) at the regional level as well as around 150 Employment Agencies (German: Agenturen für Arbeit) at the local level.

融入就业市场, 融入劳动市场

German: Eingliederung in den Arbeitsmarkt , English: integration into the labour market, labour market integration
Topic:

融入职场

German: Eingliederung in das Berufsleben , English: professional integration, integration into working life
Topic:

跨企业的职业培训

German: überbetriebliche Ausbildung , English: inter-firm training
Topic:
Chinese - Explanation:

跨企业的职业培训,是双轨制的一部分,对企业和职业学校的教育元素进行补充。其包括的教育领域,是单个企业无法提供的(因为比如该企业没有相关的机器或必须的人员)。

English - Explanation:

Inter-firm training is an element of Germany's dual system of vocational training; the others are in-company training and vocational school. Inter-firm training refers to those parts of the curriculum that cannot be taught by an individual firm because, e.g., it does not have the required equipment or personnel.

辍学

German: Schulabbruch , English: dropping out of school, (early) school leaving
Topic:

辍学者

German: Schulabbrecher , English: school drop-out, early school leaver
Topic:

针对流动性开展的咨询

German: Mobilitätsberatung , English: mobility counselling, mobility advice
Topic:

青少年信息, 青少年信息与咨询

German: Jugendinformation , English: youth information
Topic:

青少年信息中心, 青少年信息咨询中心

German: Jugendinformationszentrum , English: youth information centre
Topic:

青少年劳动保护

German: Jugendarbeitsschutz , English: protection of young people at work
Topic:
Chinese - Explanation:

青少年劳动保护法(缩写:JArbSchG),处理未满18岁的雇佣情况,例如青年人参加职业培训或者受雇为员工。该法律对下列领域做出了规定:工作时间、休息时间、业余时间、假期和工作条件。

English - Explanation:

Germany's Youth Employment Protection Act (Jugendarbeitsschutzgesetz) refers to the employment of persons who are not yet 18 years of age and who, e.g., are in vocational training or regular employment. The Act covers matters such as working hours, breaks, time off, leave, and working conditions.

青少年参加“青少年在行动”的流动性活动证明

German: Youthpass , English: Youthpass
Topic:

青少年失业

German: Jugendarbeitslosigkeit , English: youth unemployment
Topic:

青少年就业社会工作(针对有就业问题的青少年进行的专业工作)

German: Jugendberufshilfe , English: youth career counselling
Topic:

领取哈茨四号的失业者

German: Hartz IV-Bezieher , English: Hartz IV ("vier") beneficiaries
Topic:
Chinese - Explanation:

领取第二失业金的人(也就是日常语中所说的哈茨四号救济金领取者)

English - Explanation:

Persons in receipt of unemployment benefit II (known colloquially as "Hartz IV")

(例如从学校)到培训及工作的过渡

German: Übergang in Ausbildung und Arbeit , English: transition to training and employment
Topic:

(例如从学校)到职场的过渡

German: Übergang in den Beruf , English: transition to professional life, transition to employment
Topic:

(帮助残疾人、受社会歧视者、年轻人或移民)融入职场

German: Integration in die Arbeitswelt , English: labour market integration
Topic:

(德国职业培训的)双元制, 双轨制

German: duales System , English:
Topic:

(成年人中学毕业后补拿其他类型高中毕业证的)第二条教育途径

German: Zweiter Bildungsweg , English: second-chance education
Topic:

(职业)培训岗位, 学徒岗位

German: Ausbildungsplatz , English: training position, apprenticeship position, apprenticeship place
Topic:

(非正式的校外)青少年教育

German: Jugendbildung , English: youth education
Topic:

(非正式的校外)青少年教育专员

German: Jugendbildungsreferent , English: youth education officer
Topic:

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